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Environmental Applied Physics

(English Course)

 

School of Architecture - Parma

 

 

Summary of the page:

 

Course Contents

Aims of the Course

This course provides the skills related to the energy efficiency of buildings, the application of renewable energy technologies (solar, geothermal, ...) integrated in the building and knowledge of systems and their performances in terms of energy efficiency. The Course will deal with Indoor Air Quality, Thermal Comfort, Lighting and Acoustics in the buildings.

 

Elements of Psychrometry and heat transfer

Recalls on Thermodynamics. Ideal gas equation. Saturated vapours. Air and vapour mixtures. Description of air and vapour mixtures. Psychrometric transformations. Measurement of relative humidity. Heat transfer Conduction. Fourier law. Fourier equation. Steady state solutions. Electric analogy and its limits. Materials for the thermal insulation. Convection. Coefficient of convection. Dimensional analysis and similarity. Forced, natural and mixed convection. Radiation. Basic definitions. Laws of Stefan-Boltzmann. Combined heat transfer. Global coefficient of heat transfer.

Elements of building physics. Environmental conditions. Environmental conditions weather, climate, and solar energy. Heating Degree Days. Weather file variability Climate Zones Based on TMY. Wind and building orientation. Glaser theory.

 

 

Elements of Indoor Air and Thermal Comfort

Principles of thermal comfort. The thermal comfort equation. The theory of Fanger. PMV and PPD. Olf and decipol; IAQ and PPD.

 

Elements of Lighting

Principles of lightings. Indoor lighting. Natural and artificial lighting.

 

Elements of building and room acoustics

The basic equations. Acoustic pressure and velocity. Sound speed. The decibel. Properties of dB. Frequency analysis. White and Pink noise. Sound insulation. Sound absorption. Sound propagation in enclosures. Reverberation time. The Impulse Response. Other acoustic parameters.

 

Suggested textbooks

·     J.F. Straube, and E.F.P. Burnett, Building Science for Building Enclosures, Building Science, Press Inc., Westford, MA, USA, 2005

·     N.B. Hutcheon and G.O.P. Handegord, Building Science for a Cold Climate, National Research, Council of Canada, Ottawa, 1995

·     U. Berardi, Sustainability Assessments of Buildings, MDPI http://www.mdpi.com/books/pdfview/book/471 (free downloadable)

·     edited by Jan L.M. Hensen and Roberto Lamberts, Building performance simulation for design and operation, London: Spon, 2011, ISBN 9780415474146

·     Clarke J.A., Energy simulation in building design - 2. Ed, Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2001, ISBN0750650826

·     L. Tronchin, Elementi di Fisica Tecnica e Controllo Ambientale, Ed. Esculapio, 2010 (in Italian)

 

 

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Time Table (year 17/18)

 

Week Day

Hour

Room

Note

Friday

10.30-13.30

B

Parco Area delle Scienze 69/A

Friday

14.30-16.30

B

Parco Area delle Scienze 69/A

 

 

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Exams

Oral and written exam.      

The students are requested to prepare a short oral communication (in PPT) about each modules, that will be discussed during the Course, for a total of 4 short communications.

Moreover, each student is requested to prepare a written report about one of the 4 modules. This written report must be prepared following the templated provided to the students and must be sent by email in DOC format within July.

No further exams are requested. Each short communication will be responsible of the 15% of the final grade. The written report will be responsible of the 40% of the final grade.

 (written on 5-3-2018) 

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Communications

The template for the written communication is available at  this link

The material used during the lectures is available at  this link (first module)

The material used during the lectures is available at  this link (second module)

The material used during the lectures is available at  this link (third module)

The material used during the lectures is available at  this link (fourth module)

The material regarding the measurements conducted in “Aula B” is available at  this link

The passwords will be communicated on request by each student     

(written the 5-3-2018)

(written the 12-3-2018)

(written the 13-4-2018)

(written the 30-4-2018)

(written the 11-5-2018)

(written the 25-5-2018)

 

 

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Link

The Department of Engineering and Architecture

 

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